The Air National Guard's federal mission is to maintain well-trained, well-equipped units available for prompt mobilization during war and provide assistance during national emergencies (such as natural disasters or civil disturbances). During peacetime, the combat-ready units and support units are assigned to most Air Force major commands to carry out missions compatible with training, mobilization readiness, humanitarian and contingency operations such as Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan.
Air National Guard State Mission
When Air National Guard units are not mobilized or under federal control, they report to the governor of their respective state, territory (Puerto Rico, Guam, Virgin Islands) or the commanding general of the District of Columbia National Guard. Each of the 54 National Guard organizations is supervised by the adjutant general of the state or territory. Under state law, the Air National Guard provides protection of life, property and preserves peace, order and public safety. These missions are accomplished through emergency relief support during natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes and forest fires; search and rescue operations; support to civil defense authorities; maintenance of vital public services and counterdrug operations.
The Arizona Air National Guard is one of the best organizations in the nation with airmen who are ready to serve the Governor of Arizona and the President of the United States at command.The airmen that make up the four major components of Arizona's Air National Guard are mission ready, dedicated, and loyal men and women who embody the Air Force Values of Integrity First, Service Before Self, and Excellence in All We Do!
The four components of the Arizona Air National Guard are:
1.The Air staff provides overall direction, coordination, and support to all Air National Guard units in the State.
2.The 161st Air Refueling Wing is located at Sky Harbor International Airport in Phoenix and provides aerial refueling in support of local and global missions.
3.The 162nd Fighter Wing is located at Tucson International Airport, and conducts International Pilot Training.
4.The 214th Reconnaissance Group is located at Davis-Monthan AFB, in Tucson and supports Combatant Commander requirements for surveillance.
The Arizona Air National Guard is co-located and totally integrated with the office of the Adjutant General, the Arizona Army Guard and the Arizona Department of Emergency Management. The joint integration structure contributes to the successful execution of both State and Federal missions.
The Air National Guard as we know it today -- a separate reserve component of the United States Air Force -- was a product of the politics of postwar planning and interservice rivalry during World War II. The men who planned and maneuvered for an independent postwar Air Force during World War II didn't place much faith in the reserves, especially the state-dominated National Guard.